The Structure of a Claim
Making an extra effort to accomplish something or to help another.
Example: "My mother paid for my plane tickets home by working two jobs. She really bent over backwards for me."
Writing an introduction should come near the end of the composition process, because it is difficult to introduce something well until you know exactly what it will be and how it will appear in its final form. When done at the right time, however, introductions are not difficult to craft effectively. One way to do so is to address your topic immediately, establish, common ground with your intended readership, point out a motivation or need for your argument and then state your principal claim. Introductions to academic essays frequently adhere to such a formula, which can be summarized as: Common Ground -> Problem Statement + Context -> Thesis Statement.
Being a form of discourse, argumentation involves engaging or anticipating other perspectives on the topic at hand. It thereby follows that in argument-driven writing one must determine the best ways to address those perspectives, inform readers of their relevance and respond to them in a way that supports one’s claims. The list below should give you some ideas for how to do so.